Adverse Events Related to Off-Label Drugs Using Spontaneous Adverse Event Reporting Systems.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the adverse events (AEs) related to the use of off-label drugs.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out using available data pertaining to off-label drug were sourced from U.S. FDA spontaneous adverse drug reaction reporting database (FAERS) and Korea Adverse Event Reporting System database (KIDS-KD) for the years 2014 to 2018. The number and frequencies of AE cases were calculated. Disproportionality was analyzed using the proportional reporting ratio (PRR), the reporting odds ratio (ROR), the information component (IC), and the empirical Bayes geometric mean (EBGM) methods.
Results: The reported AEs associated with off-label drug use were more common among older patients compared with younger patients. Gastric nonspecific symptoms and therapeutic procedure (4.16-4.57%) and haemorrage term (4.16-5.29%) were the most common AE symptoms and antithrombotic agents and immunosuppressants were the drugs most commonly reported to cause AEs in FAERS. Secondary term events (43.45-48.62%) including inappropriate schedule of drug administration and medication error were the most common AEs, and immunosuppressants and antipsychotics were the most common AE-related drugs from KIDS-KD. The numbers of reported AEs in new drug categories such as other antineoplastic agents trended to increase from 2014 to 2018 in both datasets.
Conclusion: The numbers of reported AEs with off-label drug increased annually. AEs associated with off-label drugs may have a significant impact on older patients. Healthcare experts should be concerned about prescriptions of off-label drugs, especially anticoagulants and newly developed drugs such as immunosuppressants and antineoplastic agents.
|投稿者||Han, Nayoung; Oh, Jung Mi; Kim, In-Wha|
|ジャーナル名||Therapeutics and clinical risk management|
|組織名||Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul,;Republic of Korea.;College of Pharmacy, Jeju National University, Jejusi, Jeju Special;Self-Governing Province, Republic of Korea.;College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.|