Adverse events with sacubitril/valsartan in the real world: emerging signals to target preventive strategies from the FDA adverse event reporting system.
AIMS: The aim of this study was to characterise clinical priority of adverse events with sacubitril/valsartan for targeting preventive measures.
METHODS: We used the US Food and Drug Administration adverse event reporting system (worldwide pharmacovigilance database) to compare adverse events recording sacubitril/valsartan as suspect with other cardiovascular drugs. Disproportionality analyses were performed by calculating the reporting odds ratios, deemed significant when the lower limit of the 95% confidence interval was greater than 1. Clinical priority was assigned to adverse events with significant disproportionality by scoring (range 0-10 points) five features (number of events, magnitude of the lower limit of the 95% confidence interval, mortality frequency, important/designated medical event, biological plausibility).
RESULTS: Sacubitril/valsartan was recorded in 20,021 reports, with 178 adverse events associated with significant disproportionality: 71.9%, 25.9% and 2.2% were classified as weak, moderate and strong clinical priorities, respectively. Increased reporting emerged for several cardiovascular adverse events, including 'renal failure' (N = 388; lower limit of the 95% confidence interval 2.26), 'hyperkalaemia' (314; 2.42) and 'angioedema' (309; 1.56). Sudden cardiac death (priority score 9 points) was the only designated medical event with strong clinical priority. Notably, sudden cardiac death occurred early after sacubitril/valsartan administration (average onset 124 days), with concomitant drugs known for pro-arrhythmic potential (e.g. amiodarone, escitalopram, mirtazapine, loop diuretics) in 26.2% of records.
CONCLUSION: The increased cardiovascular reporting of sacubitril/valsartan in the real world was largely predictable from pre-approval evidence, underlying disease and likely patients' comorbidities. The unexpected reporting of sudden cardiac death occurred well before the complete development of positive electrical remodelling induced by sacubitril/valsartan, and calls for stringent clinical monitoring (to reduce the pro-arrhythmic burden related to co-medications), and further investigation on appropriate combination with other preventive measures.
|ジャーナル名||European journal of preventive cardiology|
|投稿者||Gatti, Milo; Antonazzo, Ippazio Cosimo; Diemberger, Igor; De Ponti, Fabrizio; Raschi, Emanuel|
|組織名||Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy.;Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of;Bologna, Italy.|