Angioedemas associated with renin-angiotensin system blocking drugs: Comparative analysis of spontaneous adverse drug reaction reports.
INTRODUCTION: Angioedema is a subcutaneous swelling typically affecting the face, larynx or pharynx. It is a known adverse drug reaction (ADR) of ACE inhibitors (ACEi), angiotensin-II-receptor blockers (ARBs) and aliskiren (renin inhibitor). Several studies have reported pathophysiological mechanisms and risk factors of ACEi-associated angioedemas, whereas little is known for ARBs and aliskiren. The aim of the study was to analyze comparatively ACEi versus ARBs and aliskiren angioedema reports contained in the European ADR database EudraVigilance with regard to reported risk factors and clinical phenotypes.
METHODS: All spontaneous angioedema reports received between 01/2010-06/2017 reporting either an ACEi, ARB, or aliskiren as "suspected/interacting" drug were identified using the Standardized MedDRA Query "angioedema (narrow)". In order to perform a comparative analysis, odds ratios (ORs) were calculated for angioedema reports of ACEi (n = 3.194) versus ARBs (n = 687) and aliskiren (n = 162).
RESULTS: More patients with a history of allergy were included in angioedema reports of ARBs (6.8%) and aliskiren (13.6%) versus ACEi (4.3%). "Urticaria" as an ADR was reported more frequently in angioedema reports of ARBs (18.5%) and aliskiren (9.0%) versus ACEi (5.0%). ACEi-associated angioedemas were more often designated as "life-threatening" compared to ARBs (OR 2.2 [1.6-2.9]) and aliskiren-associated angioedemas (OR 14.2 (3.5-57.4). Concomitant therapy with mTOR inhibitors (OR 4.3 [1.0-17.9]) and fibrinolytics (OR 7.8 [1.1-57.2]) was reported more often in ACEi versus ARBs angioedema reports.
CONCLUSION: The reported clinical phenotypes differed between ACEi versus ARBs and aliskiren angioedema reports. Differences between the patient populations as observed in our study or differences with regard to underlying pathomechanisms could account for this finding. Due to the methodological limitations of spontaneous reporting systems, we cannot draw a firm conclusion in this regard. Hence, further research is necessary to confirm our observation and elucidate the underyling causes.
|投稿者||Dubrall, Diana; Schmid, Matthias; Stingl, Julia Carolin; Sachs, Bernhardt|
|組織名||Institute for Medical Biometry, Informatics and Epidemiology, (IMBIE), University;Hospital of Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.;Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM), Research Division, North;Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.;Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, University Hospital of the RWTH Aachen, North;Department for Dermatology and Allergy, University Hospital of the RWTH Aachen,;North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.|