Changes in prescribing trends and initial pharmacotherapy of children with nocturnal enuresis in Japan: a large-scale medical claims database analysis.
PURPOSE: We analyzed the annual trends in and initial choice of pharmacotherapy for children with nocturnal enuresis (NE) using a large-scale medical claims database in Japan.
METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study performed using data from the Japan Medical Data Center between January 2005 and March 2019 involving 23,814 registrants under 16 years of age. In the first cohort of children with NE, we analyzed the comorbidities and associated annual pharmacotherapy prescribing trends. In the second cohort of only newly diagnosed cases, we analyzed the first prescribed age and initial choice of pharmacotherapy.
RESULTS: A total of 3494 children with NE were identified (mean age, 5.1 +/- 3.6 years; male, 66.0%). An incremental increase in the proportion of children administered NE medications was observed. The proportion of children treated with desmopressin significantly increased, whereas the prescription of tricyclic antidepressants significantly decreased and that of anticholinergics did not significantly change. Among the newly diagnosed children, 1897 were treated with approximately 90% of the prescribed monotherapy. Sublingual desmopressin monotherapy accounts for more than half of the initial pharmacotherapy from 2016 onward. Regardless of the drug class, pharmacological therapy was commonly initiated at the age of 8.3 +/- 2.1 years.
CONCLUSIONS: In Japan, the proportion of children treated with pharmacotherapy has been increasing. Furthermore, since the introduction of desmopressin sublingual formulations in 2012, a paradigm shift has occurred and this form of medication is now the most commonly prescribed, both from the annual perspective and as an initial choice among the newly diagnosed.
|ジャーナル名||World journal of urology|
|投稿者||Kasamo, Sachiko; Matsumoto, Seiji; Kawasaki, Yohei; Inoue, Hiroyasu; Tasaki, Yoshikazu|
|組織名||Institutional Research Office, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa, Japan.;firstname.lastname@example.org.;Center for Advanced Research and Education, Asahikawa Medical University,;2-1-1-1, Midorigaoka-Higashi, Asahikawa, Hokkaido, 078-8510, Japan.;Clinical Biostatistics Section, Clinical Research Center, Chiba University;Hospital, Chiba, Japan.;Faculty of Nursing, Japanese Red Cross College of Nursing, Tokyo, Japan.;Education Center, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa, Japan.;Department of Hospital Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Asahikawa Medical University,;Asahikawa, Japan.|