Drug-Associated Liver Injury Related to Antipsychotics: Exploratory Analysis of Pharmacovigilance Data.
BACKGROUND: Drug-associated liver injury is one of the most common causes for acute liver failure and market withdrawal of approved drugs. In addition, the potential for hepatotoxicity related to specific substances has to be considered in psychopharmacotherapy. However, systematic evaluations of hepatotoxicity related to antipsychotics are limited.
METHODS: We conducted an exploratory case/non-case study and evaluated pharmacovigilance data from VigiBase related to 30 antipsychotics marketed in the European Union. Reporting odds ratios were calculated for antipsychotics associated with the Standardized Medical Dictionary of Regulatory Activities queries "Drug-related hepatic disorders-comprehensive search" (DRHD-CS) and "Drug-related hepatic disorders-severe events only" (DRHD-SEO).
RESULTS: We found several signals for drug-associated liver injury including signals for severe events: 17 of 30 antipsychotics were associated with DRHD-CS and 10 of 30 antipsychotics with DRHD-SEO. Amisulpride, fluphenazine, levomepromazine, loxapine, olanzapine, perazine, perphenazine, pipamperone, sulpiride, and thioridazine were associated with both, DRHD-CS and DRHD-SEO. No association with fatal outcomes was detected.
CONCLUSIONS: Several common antipsychotics are associated with hepatotoxicity, partly also with severe hepatotoxicity. Our data do not allow to account for patient-related risk factors for drug-associated liver injury. This should be addressed in further studies.
|ジャーナル名||Journal of clinical psychopharmacology|
|投稿者||Zeiss, Rene; Hafner, Susanne; Schonfeldt-Lecuona, Carlos; Connemann, Bernhard J; Gahr, Maximilian|
|組織名||From the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy III, University of Ulm.;Institute of Pharmacology of Natural Products and Clinical Pharmacology,;University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany.|