Effect of quenched size polydispersity on the fluid-solid transition in charged colloidal suspensions.
|アブストラクト||We study the effect of quenched size polydispersity on the phase behavior of charged colloidal suspensions using free-energy calculations in Monte Carlo simulations. The colloids are assumed to interact with a hard-core repulsive Yukawa (screened-Coulomb) interaction with constant surface potential, so that the particles are polydisperse both in size and charge. In addition, we take the size distribution to be fixed in both the fluid and crystal phase (no size fractionation is allowed). We study the fluid-solid transition for various screening lengths and surface potentials, finding that upon increasing the size polydispersity the freezing transition shifts toward higher packing fractions and the density discontinuity between the two coexisting phases diminishes. Our results provide support for a terminal polydispersity above which the freezing transition disappears.|
|ジャーナル名||The Journal of chemical physics|
|投稿者||Colombo, Jader; Dijkstra, Marjolein|
|組織名||Dipartimento di Fisica e Matematica, Universita dell'Insubria, Como, Italy.;email@example.com|