Epidemiology of Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis: A Study Using Linked UK Primary Care and Hospital Data.
INTRODUCTION: Distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA), or RTA type 1, a rare inherited or acquired disease, is a disorder of the distal tubule caused by impaired urinary acid secretion. Due to associated conditions and nonspecific symptoms, dRTA may go undetected. This analysis aims to estimate the prevalence of dRTA in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) databases and extrapolate it to European Union Five (EU5) populations.
METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted using the CPRD GOLD database and linked Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data to identify diagnosed and potentially undiagnosed or miscoded patients (suspected patients). Patients' records with at least one diagnosis code for dRTA, RTA, specific autoimmune diseases, or renal disorders recorded between January 1987 and November 2017 were obtained and analyzed. An algorithm was developed to detect potentially undiagnosed/miscoded dRTA, based on associated conditions and prescriptions.
RESULTS: A total of 216 patients with diagnosis of RTA or dRTA were identified (with 98 linked to hospital data), and 447 patients were identified as having suspected dRTA. dRTA prevalence for 2017 was estimated between 0.46 (recorded cases, of which 22.1% were considered primary) and 1.60 when including suspected cases (7.6% primary) per 10,000 people. Prescription and clinical records of diagnosed patients revealed a wide range of comorbidities and a need for pharmacological treatment to manage associated symptoms.
CONCLUSION: The study provides new estimates of dRTA prevalence in Europe and suggests that patients may often be unreported or miscoded, potentially confounding appropriate disease management.
|投稿者||Bianic, Florence; Guelfucci, Florent; Robin, Ludovic; Martre, Catherine; Game, David; Bockenhauer, Detlef|
|組織名||Syneos Health Consulting, Paris, France.;Advicenne, Paris, France.;Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital, London, United Kingdom.;Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, United Kingdom.|