Incidence and prevalence of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis in the United Kingdom 2000-2018: results from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink.
OBJECTIVES: The incidence and prevalence of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) was last estimated in the UK in 1994. Since then, the disease has been reclassified, the specialty of paediatric rheumatology has evolved, and there has been a significant shift in disease management with new advanced therapies. This study aimed to provide up to date national estimates of this disease.
METHODS: Children and young people (CYP) with JIA were identified in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) GOLD and Aurum databases, which source data from the two most commonly used primary care electronic health record systems in the UK. These databases were combined, and the cohort was identified 2000-2018 using pre-defined codelists. Validation was performed through linkage to the England Hospital Episode Statistics. Annual incidence and prevalence rates were calculated and stratified by gender, age group and nation of the UK. Direct standardisation to UK population was performed, and 5 year incidence rates calculated between 2003 and 2018.
RESULTS: The age standardised incidence rate was 5.61 per 100 000 population. The age standardised prevalence rate in 2018 was 43.5 per 100 000.
Rates were higher in Scotland compared with England: incidence rate ratio (95% CI) 1.27 (1.11-1.46). 5-year incidence rates did not change significantly over time.
CONCLUSIONS: This study has provided the first contemporaneous estimates of occurrence of JIA in the UK for 25 years. These data provide important estimates to inform resource allocation and health service development for management of JIA.
|ジャーナル名||Rheumatology (Oxford, England)|
|投稿者||Costello, Ruth; McDonagh, Janet; Hyrich, Kimme; Humphreys, Jenny|
|組織名||Centre for Epidemiology Versus Arthritis, University of Manchester, Manchester;Academic Health Centre, Manchester, UK.;NIHR Manchester Biomedical Research Centre, Manchester, UK.;Department of Paediatric and Adolescent Rheumatology, Royal Manchester Children's;Hospital, Manchester University Hospitals NHS Trust, Manchester, UK.;Kellgren Centre for Rheumatology, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester;University Hospitals NHS Trust, Manchester, UK.|