Background and Objectives: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, are commonly used in the treatment of various, particularly frequent, as well as chronic, conditions in older patients. Due to common polypragmasia in these patients and a high risk of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and drug interactions, pain management poses a therapeutic challenge. This study describes the importance of ADR reports in the identification of polypharmacy and the ensuing interactions.
Materials and Methods: Both healthcare professionals (HPs) and non-healthcare professionals (non-HPs) reports collected in the EudraVigilance database of NSAIDs, including most commonly co-reported medications and reported reactions, were analysed and differences between HPs and non-HPs reports were identified.
Results: In the analysed period and group, non-HPs reported more reactions but indicated fewer drugs as suspect or concomitant. The outcomes of our analysis indicate more HP engagement and more detailed reports of serious ADRs when compared to non-serious individual case safety reports (ICSRs) by non-HPs, which appeared more detailed. Such reactions as kidney failure and increased risk of bleeding are known adverse reactions to NSAIDs and common symptoms of their interactions, which were described in the available literature. They were much more frequently reported by HPs than by non-HPs. Non-HPs more frequently reported reactions that may have been considered less significant by HPs.
Conclusions: The differences between healthcare professionals' (HPs) and non-healthcare professionals' (non-HPs) reports may result from the fact that the reports from patients and their caregivers require a professional medical diagnosis based on symptoms described by the patient or additional diagnostic tests. This means that when appropriately classified, medically verified, and statistically analysed, the data may provide new evidence for the risks of medication use or drug interactions.
|Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania)
|Sienkiewicz, Kamila; Burzynska, Monika; Rydlewska-Liszkowska, Izabela; Sienkiewicz, Jacek; Gaszynska, Ewelina
|Department of Management and Logistics in Healthcare, Medical University of Lodz,;Lindleya Street 6, 90-131 Lodz, Poland.;Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Medical University of Lodz,;Zeligowskiego Street 7, 990-752 Lodz, Poland.;Department of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Medical University of Lodz,