Individual and Nationwide Costs for Cancer Care During the First Year After Diagnosis Among Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults in Japan.
PURPOSE: There has been limited information on the economic evaluation of children, adolescents, and young adults (AYAs) with cancer. The aim of this study was to estimate the individual and nationwide costs for cancer care during the first year after diagnosis among children and AYAs in Japan.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We estimated the direct health care costs for children (0-14 years old) and AYAs (15-29 years old) from the perspective of the public payer. Children and AYAs with newly diagnosed cancer between April 2016 and March 2018 were identified from the Diagnosis Procedure Combination Study Group database to calculate the cost per patient. The nationwide cost was estimated by the bottom-up approach, using stratification by age group, sex, and cancer classification, based on Population Estimates and Cancer Statistics data.
RESULTS: A total of 2,939 children and 5,512 AYAs were identified. The median 1-year cost per patient after diagnosis was 2,832,840 (interquartile range, 927,490-9,222,780) JPY (in USD: median, 28,047; interquartile range, 9,183-91,310). The median 1-year cost per patient was higher in children than in AYAs in all cancer classifications. Leukemia, treatment in cancer centers, and early death as well as longer hospital stay were identified to have an impact on 1-year cost per patient after diagnosis. The 1-year nationwide cost after diagnosis was estimated as 34.83 x 10(9) JPY (344.8 x 10(6) USD).
CONCLUSION: We showed that cancer treatments for both children and AYAs were highly cost-intensive in Japan. Our results suggest the need for further financial and policy evaluation.
|ジャーナル名||JCO oncology practice|
|投稿者||Kishimoto, Kenji; Kunisawa, Susumu; Fushimi, Kiyohide; Imanaka, Yuichi|
|組織名||Department of Healthcare Economics and Quality Management, Graduate School of;Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.;Department of Health Policy and Informatics, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo;Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.|