Large hospital variation in the utilization of Post-procedural CT to detect pulmonary embolism/Deep Vein Thrombosis in Patients Undergoing Total Knee or Hip Replacement Surgery: Japanese Nationwide Diagnosis Procedure Combination Database Study.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to investigate variation in the use of in-hospital CT for venous thromboembolism (VTE) detection after total knee or hip replacement (TKR/THR) among surgical patients, using a nationwide Japanese in-hospital administrative database.
METHODS: This retrospective study using a national administrative database (4/2012-3/2013) extracted patients who underwent TKR/THR surgeries at hospitals meeting the annual case-volume threshold of >/= 30. Hospitals were categorized into three equally sized groups by frequency of postoperative CT use (low, middle, and high CT use group) to compare baseline patient-level and hospital-level characteristics. To further investigate between-hospital variation in CT usage, we fitted a hierarchical logistic regression model including hospital-specific random intercepts and fixed patient- and hospital-level effects. The intra class correlation coefficient was used to measure the amount of variability in CT use attributable to between-hospital variation.
RESULTS: A total of 39,127 patients discharged from 447 hospitals met the inclusion criteria. The median hospital stay was 25 days (interquartile range, 20 - 32) and 7,599 (19.4%) patients underwent CT for VTE. CT utilization varied greatly among the hospitals; the crude frequency ranged from 0 to 100 % (median, 7.3 %; interquartile range, 1.8 - 18.3 %). After adjustment for known hospital- and patient-level factors related to CT use, 47 % of the variation in CT use remained attributable to the behavior of individual hospitals.
CONCLUSION: We observed large inter hospital variability in the utilization of post-procedure CT for VTE detection in this Japanese TKR/THR cohort, suggesting that CT utilization is not optimized across the nation.
ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: We observed significant variability in the utilization of post-procedure CT for VTE detection among inpatients who underwent TKR/THR surgeries in a large sample of Japanese hospitals. The large variation suggests that CT utilization is not optimized across the nation, and that there may be potential overutilization of the technology in the highest CT use hospitals.
|ジャーナル名||The British journal of radiology|
|投稿者||Kumamaru, Kanako K; Kumamaru, Hiraku; Yasunaga, Hideo; Matsui, Hiroki; Omiya, Toshinobu; Hori, Masaaki; Suzuki, Michimasa; Wada, Akihiko; Kamagata, Koji; Takamura, Tomohiro; Irie, Ryusuke; Nakanishi, Atsushi; Aoki, Shigeki|
|組織名||1 Department of Radiology, Juntendo University , Tokyo , Japan.;2 Department of Healthcare Quality Assessment, Graduate School of Medicine,;University of Tokyo , Tokyo , Japan.;3 Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Health Economics, School of Public;Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo , Japan.;4 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo;, Japan.|