|アブストラクト||This study aimed to determine the effectiveness and safety of varenicline versus NRT for smoking cessation in people with neurodevelopmental disorders, compared to those without, at up to four years after exposure. |
We analysed electronic medical records from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink using three different statistical approaches: multivariable logistic regression, propensity score matching (PSM), and instrumental variable analysis. Exposure was prescription of varenicline versus NRT and the primary outcome was smoking cessation at 2-years. We included 235,314 people aged 18 and above with eligible smoking cessation prescriptions in the effectiveness analysis. Smokers with neurodevelopmental disorders were 48% less likely (95% confidence interval: 42%, 54%) to be prescribed varenicline than NRT, compared to smokers without neurodevelopmental disorders. At 2-year follow-up, smokers with neurodevelopmental disorders prescribed varenicline were 38% more likely to quit smoking (95% confidence interval: 6%, 78%). Similar results were obtained using PSM and instrumental variable analyses. There was little evidence showing that varenicline increased the likelihood of mental health related adverse events in people with neurodevelopmental disorders. Varenicline is less likely to be prescribed to people with neurodevelopmental disorders despite results suggesting it is more effective than NRT and little evidence of increased likelihood of mental health related adverse events.
|投稿者||Itani, Taha; Rai, Dheeraj; Jones, Tim; Taylor, Gemma M J; Thomas, Kyla H; Martin, Richard M; Munafo, Marcus R; Davies, Neil M; Taylor, Amy E|
|組織名||Medical Research Council Integrative Epidemiology Unit at the University of;Bristol, Bristol, BS8 2BN, United Kingdom.;School of Psychological Science, 12a Priory Road, Bristol, BS8 1TU, United;Kingdom.;Centre for Academic Mental Health, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol,;Barley House, Oakfield Grove, Bristol, BS8 2BN, United Kingdom.;Avon & Wiltshire Partnership NHS Mental Health Trust, Bristol, UK.;NIHR Biomedical Research Centre at the University Hospitals Bristol NHS;Foundation Trust and the University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.;The National Institute for Health Research Applied Research Collaboration West;(NIHR ARC West) at University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, Bristol,;United Kingdom.;Addiction and Mental Health Group (AIM) Department of Psychology, University of;Bath, Claverton Down, Bath, BA2 7AY, United Kingdom.;Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol,;Bristol, BS8 2BN, United Kingdom.;firstname.lastname@example.org.;Bristol, BS8 2BN, United Kingdom. email@example.com.|