Montelukast and Nightmares: Further Characterisation Using Data from VigiBase.
INTRODUCTION: Montelukast is a medicine indicated for use in asthma. Psychiatric disorders including nightmares have not been described in clinical trials but during recent years have been included in the product information as having been reported post-marketing, without further description of the events. Previous descriptions in the scientific literature were based on limited numbers of reports or lacked detailed case information.
OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to further characterise post-marketing adverse drug reactions for nightmares, suspected to be induced by montelukast, to facilitate safer use of the medicine by providing additional information to patients and healthcare professionals.
METHODS: We clinically reviewed reports of nightmares with montelukast present in VigiBase, World Health Organization's global database of suspected adverse reactions to medicinal products, developed and maintained by the Uppsala Monitoring Centre, until 3 May, 2020.
RESULTS: There were 1118 reports of nightmares with montelukast in VigiBase, which provided valuable descriptions of the nightmares as well as information about the impact on the daily lives, with many cases describing a severe impact of the nightmares. About half of the reports were classified as serious. Two thirds concerned children, with the largest age group represented being children aged 5-10 years. In most cases, the nightmares disappeared upon discontinuation of the drug but for some patients it took a long time until the nightmares ceased.
CONCLUSIONS: The nature and potential severity of this adverse drug reaction, as described in these reports, present important knowledge for patients and healthcare providers that could help reduce drug-induced harm. This study highlights the value of post-marketing reports for further characterisation of known adverse drug reactions. The benefit-risk balance should be continuously monitored while patients are taking montelukast.
|投稿者||Watson, Sarah; Kaminsky, Elenor; Taavola, Henric; Attalla, Marian; Yue, Qun-Ying|
|組織名||Uppsala Monitoring Centre, Box 1051, Uppsala, Sweden.;Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala,;Sweden.;Uppsala Monitoring Centre, Box 1051, Uppsala, Sweden. firstname.lastname@example.org.|