Background and purpose: poly-ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors show impressive efficacy in a range of tumors. However, concerns about rare and fatal adverse events, including myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) have arisen. The aim of this study was to excavate and evaluate the risk of PARP inhibitors causing MDS and AML based on real-world data from two international pharmacovigilance databases.
Methods: We analyzed adverse event (AE) reports of four PARP inhibitors (olaparib, niraparib, rucaparib and talazoparib) associated with MDS and AML from the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) and EudraVigilance (EV) databases between 1 October 2014, and 30 September 2021, including demographic characteristics, fatality and times to onset. Three different data mining algorithms were used to detect the signals of PARP inhibitors associated with MDS and AML.
Results: In total, 16,710 and 11,937 PARP inhibitor AE reports were found in the FAERS and EV databases, of which 332 and 349 were associated with MDS and AML, respectively. The median latencies of MDS and AML associated with PARP inhibitors were 211 [interquartile range (IQR) 93.5-491.25] days and 355 (IQR 72.00-483.50) days, respectively. The average fatality rates of MDS and AML caused by the four PARP inhibitors were 37.96 and 60.41%, respectively, in the FAERS database, while those in the EV database were 5.83 and 12.16%, respectively. Based on the criteria used for the three algorithms, a significant disproportionate association was found between PARP inhibitors as a drug class and MDS/AML. Notably, the risk of MDS was much higher than that of AML. Olaparib appeared to have a stronger association with MDS and AML than did other PARP inhibitors.
Conclusion: In the real world, PARP inhibitors increase the risk of MDS and AML, which can result in high mortality and tend to occur during long-term use. Our findings provide objective evidence for the postmarketing safety of PARP inhibitors.
|ジャーナル名||Frontiers in pharmacology|
|投稿者||Zhao, Quanfeng; Ma, Pan; Fu, Peishu; Wang, Jiayu; Wang, Kejing; Chen, Lin; Yang, Yang|
|組織名||Department of Pharmacy, The First Affiliated Hospital of Third Military Medical;University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, China.;Department of Pharmacy, Women and Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical;University, Chongqing, China.;Department of Pharmacy, Chongqing Health Center for Women and Children,;Chongqing, China.|