Pulmonary disease as a risk factor for transfusion-related acute lung injury.
|アブストラクト||Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a severe condition characterised by noncardiogenic pulmonary oedema that develops within 6 h of blood transfusion. Patient factors and blood products have both been implicated in the development of TRALI; however, the role of pulmonary disease has not been investigated. We aimed to determine whether pulmonary disease is a risk factor for TRALI. We conducted a nested case-control study using data from the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database, a nationwide inpatient database in Japan, between July 2010 and March 2015. Case patients who developed TRALI were 1:4-matched with control patients for sex, age and same hospital for receipt of blood transfusion. We conducted a multivariable conditional logistic regression analysis to evaluate the associations of TRALI with various factors including comorbidities, body mass index (BMI) and plasma-containing blood products. We identified 2 019 501 hospitalised patients who received a blood transfusion. Among these patients, 72 developed TRALI. The 72 case patients had higher proportions of haematological malignancy, trauma and interstitial lung disease (ILD) than the 288 matched control patients. The multivariable conditional logistic regression analysis showed that occurrence of TRALI was associated with ILD (odds ratio, 3.88; 95% confidence interval, 1.11-13.6), BMI >/=25.0 kg.m(-2) (2.10; 1.05-4.24) and plasma-containing blood products (1.94; 1.10-3.42), but not with infectious lung disease or obstructive airway disease. In conclusion, ILD was an independent risk factor for the development of TRALI. Physicians should be aware of the increased risk of TRALI in patients with ILD.|
|投稿者||Yokoyama, Akira; Sakamoto, Yukiyo; Jo, Taisuke; Urushiyama, Hirokazu; Tamiya, Hiroyuki; Tanaka, Goh; Matsui, Hiroki; Fushimi, Kiyohide; Yasunaga, Hideo; Nagase, Takahide|
|ジャーナル名||ERJ open research|
|組織名||Dept of Respiratory Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of;Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.;Dept of Health Services Research, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of;Dept of Clinical Epidemiology and Health Economics, School of Public Health, The;University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.;Dept of Health Policy and Informatics, Tokyo Medical and Dental University;Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.|