Risk of major bleeding among users of direct oral anticoagulants combined with interacting drugs: A population-based nested case-control study.
AIMS: To assess the association between concurrent use of potential pharmacokinetic or pharmacodynamic interacting drugs and major bleeding among direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) users.
METHODS: We performed a case-control study nested in a cohort of new users of DOACs (dabigatran etexilate, apixaban or rivaroxaban). Data were obtained from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink linked to Hospital Episode Statistics (2008-2015). Cases were patients hospitalized having a primary diagnosis of major bleeding. Up to 4 controls were matched on age, sex, index date and region. Odds ratios (ORs) for the risk of major bleeding were assessed by conditional logistic regression analysis and adjusted for well-known covariates for the risk of bleeding.
RESULTS: We identified 393 patients with a major bleeding from a total of 23 492 new users of DOACs and 1494 matched controls. Most subjects were users of rivaroxaban (58.8%) on the index date. The concurrent use of pharmacodynamic interacting drugs was associated with an increased risk of major bleeding (21.6% of cases vs 13.5% of controls, adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.92; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.40-2.66). For the antiplatelet drugs the aOR was 2.01 (95% CI, 1.29-3.11) and for the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors the aOR was 1.68 (95% CI, 1.10-2.59). We found no increased risk of major bleeding for concurrent use of pharmacokinetic interacting drugs vs DOACs alone (45.0 vs 51.2%; aOR: 0.77; 95% CI: 0.53-1.10).
CONCLUSION: Among patients taking DOACs the concurrent use of antiplatelet drugs or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors was associated with increased risk of major bleeding, while pharmacokinetic interacting drugs do not increase this risk.
|ジャーナル名||British journal of clinical pharmacology|
|投稿者||Zhang, Yumao; Souverein, Patrick C; Gardarsdottir, Helga; van den Ham, Hendrika A; Maitland-van der Zee, Anke-Hilse; de Boer, Anthonius|
|組織名||Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Clinical Pharmacology, Utrecht Institute for;Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.;Department of Pharmacy, The Eighth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University,;Shenzhen, China.;Department of Respiratory Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of;Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.|