The incidence rate of planned and emergency physical health hospital admissions in people diagnosed with severe mental illness: a cohort study.
BACKGROUND: People with severe mental illness (SMI) have more physical health conditions than the general population, resulting in higher rates of hospitalisations and mortality. In this study, we aimed to determine the rate of emergency and planned physical health hospitalisations in those with SMI, compared to matched comparators, and to investigate how these rates differ by SMI diagnosis.
METHODS: We used Clinical Practice Research DataLink Gold and Aurum databases to identify 20,668 patients in England diagnosed with SMI between January 2000 and March 2016, with linked hospital records in Hospital Episode Statistics. Patients were matched with up to four patients without SMI. Primary outcomes were emergency and planned physical health admissions. Avoidable (ambulatory care sensitive) admissions and emergency admissions for accidents, injuries and substance misuse were secondary outcomes. We performed negative binomial regression, adjusted for clinical and demographic variables, stratified by SMI diagnosis.
RESULTS: Emergency physical health (aIRR:2.33; 95% CI 2.22-2.46) and avoidable (aIRR:2.88; 95% CI 2.60-3.19) admissions were higher in patients with SMI than comparators. Emergency admission rates did not differ by SMI diagnosis. Planned physical health admissions were lower in schizophrenia (aIRR:0.80; 95% CI 0.72-0.90) and higher in bipolar disorder (aIRR:1.33; 95% CI 1.24-1.43). Accident, injury and substance misuse emergency admissions were particularly high in the year after SMI diagnosis (aIRR: 6.18; 95% CI 5.46-6.98).
CONCLUSION: We found twice the incidence of emergency physical health admissions in patients with SMI compared to those without SMI. Avoidable admissions were particularly elevated, suggesting interventions in community settings could reduce hospitalisations. Importantly, we found underutilisation of planned inpatient care in patients with schizophrenia. Interventions are required to ensure appropriate healthcare use, and optimal diagnosis and treatment of physical health conditions in people with SMI, to reduce the mortality gap due to physical illness.
|投稿者||Launders, Naomi; Hayes, Joseph F; Price, Gabriele; Marston, Louise; Osborn, David P J|
|組織名||Division of Psychiatry, UCL. 6th Floor Maple House, 149 Tottenham Court Road,;London W1T 7NF, UK.;Camden and Islington NHS Foundation Trust, St Pancras Hospital, 4 St Pancras Way,;London, NW1 0PE, UK.;Department of Health and Social Care, Office for Health Improvement and;Disparities, Wellington House, 133-155 Waterloo Road, London SE1 8UG, UK.;Department of Primary Care and Population Health, UCL, Rowland Hill Street, NW3;2PF, London, UK.|