Use of Real-Life Safety Data From International Pharmacovigilance Databases to Assess the Importance of Symptoms Associated With Gadolinium Exposure.
OBJECTIVE: Recent scientific publications have reported cases of patients who complained from a variety of symptoms after they received a gadolinium-based contrast agent (GBCA). The aim of this study was to appreciate the importance of these clinical manifestations in the overall population by assessing the weight of "symptoms associated with gadolinium exposure" (SAGE) among the bulk of safety experiences reported to major health authorities.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Symptoms associated with gadolinium exposure were identified from a review of the scientific literature, and the corresponding preferred terms were searched in each system organ class (SOC) category recorded in the European and North American pharmacovigilance databases EudraVigilance (EV) and FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS), respectively. The numbers of SAGE per preferred term, and cumulatively per SOC, were recorded and their weights in the overall spectrum of adverse events (AEs) were determined for each GBCA.
RESULTS: The analysis of the selected AEs revealed a significantly higher SAGE weight for gadobenate dimeglumine (EV: 25.83%, FAERS: 32.24%) than for gadoteridol (EV: 15.51%; FAERS: 21.13%) and significantly lower SAGE weights for gadobutrol (EV: 7.75%; FAERS: 13.31%) and gadoterate meglumine (EV: 8.66%; FAERS: 12.99%). A similar ranking was found for most of the SOCs except for "nervous system disorders," probably owing to a limitation in the methods of data selection. Furthermore, this analysis showed a greater percentage of reports mentioning a decrease in the quality of life of the patients when they were exposed to gadobenate dimeglumine or gadoteridol than to gadobutrol or gadoterate meglumine.
CONCLUSION: This study showed that SAGE represent a significant percentage of the bulk of AEs reported to the health authorities for each GBCA. It provided real-life arguments suggesting that SAGE may be more prevalent with linear than macrocyclic GBCAs and that gadoteridol may present a higher SAGE risk than the other macrocyclic contrast agents.
|投稿者||Shahid, Imran; Joseph, Alvin; Lancelot, Eric|
|組織名||From the Vigilance and Medical Information Department, Guerbet, Roissy CDG Cedex,;France.|