A prospective evaluation of the fourth national Be Clear on Cancer ‘Blood in Pee’ campaign in England.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the fourth Be Clear on Cancer (BCoC) 'Blood in Pee' (BiP) campaign (July to September 2018) on bladder and kidney cancer symptom awareness and outcomes in England.
METHODS: In this uncontrolled before and after study, symptom awareness and reported barriers to GP attendance were assessed using panel and one-to-one interviews. The Health Improvement Network (THIN), National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service (NCRAS) and NHS Cancer Waiting Times (CWT) data were analysed to assess the impact on GP attendances, urgent cancer referrals, cancer diagnoses and 1-year survival. Analyses used Poisson, negative binomial and Cox regression.
RESULTS: Symptom awareness and intention to consult a GP after one episode of haematuria increased following the campaign. GP attendance with haematuria (rate ratio (RR) 1.17, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.07-1.28) and urgent cancer referrals (RR 1.18 95% CI: 1.08-1.28) increased following the campaign. Early-stage diagnoses increased for bladder cancer (difference in percentage 2.8%, 95% CI: -0.2%-5.8%), but not for kidney cancer (difference -0.6%, 95% CI: -3.2%-2.1%).
CONCLUSIONS: The fourth BCoC BiP campaign appears to have been effective in increasing bladder cancer symptom awareness and GP attendances, although long-term impacts are unclear.
|ジャーナル名||European journal of cancer care|
|投稿者||Merriel, Samuel William David; Ball, Susan; Bright, Chloe Jayne; Mak, Vivian; Gildea, Carolynn; Paley, Lizz; Hyde, Chris; Hamilton, William; Elliss-Brookes, Lucy|
|組織名||Institute of Health Research, University of Exeter Medical School, University of;Exeter, Exeter, UK.;NIHR ARC South West Peninsula (PenARC), University of Exeter Medical School,;University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.;National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service, Public Health England, London,;UK.;NHS Digital, Leeds, UK.|