Mortality of People with Parkinson’s Disease in a Large UK-Based Cohort Study: Time Trends and Relationship to Disease Duration.
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with increased mortality, but little is known about changes over time, and relationship to disease progression.
OBJECTIVES: To explore how PD mortality rates have changed over time and their relationship to disease duration and demographics using a large population-based cohort in the UK.
METHODS: We included individuals aged 50+ years with a first recording of PD diagnosis and at least two prescriptions of any antiparkinsonian drug actively registered within a general practice from 2006 to 2016 and up to six frequency-matched controls from The Health Improvement Network (THIN) database. We estimated adjusted mortality rates using multivariable Poisson regression.
RESULTS: A total of 10,104 people with a diagnosis of PD and 55,664 people without PD were included. Overall, PD was associated with slightly increased mortality compared to non-PD controls (adjusted mortality rate ratio: 1.14; 95% CI: 1.03 to 1.19). Adjusted mortality rates per 1000 person-years at risk for people with PD approximately doubled in the 5 years following diagnosis from 43 (95% CI: 38 to 48) to 75 (95% CI: 64 to 85). Following adjustments for age, gender, and time since diagnosis, mortality rates between 2007 and 2016 declined more slowly for people with PD (2% per year; 95% CI: 0%-4%) compared to people without PD (5% per year; 95% CI: 3%-6%).
CONCLUSIONS: Whilst mortality in PD is only slightly increased overall, it gradually increases with advancing disease. There has been a decline in mortality in PD over time, but this decrease was less pronounced than that in the general population. (c) 2021 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Parkinson Movement Disorder Society.
|投稿者||Okunoye, Olaitan; Horsfall, Laura; Marston, Louise; Walters, Kate; Schrag, Anette|
|ジャーナル名||Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society|
|組織名||Department of Clinical and Movement Neurosciences, University College London,;London, United Kingdom.;Department of Primary Care and Population Health, University College London,|